Now that we’ve learned what age spots are and how to prevent them, let’s find out how to get rid of them.
Epice Skincare’s founder, Dermatologist Dr. Michael S. Spicer, say there are natural and healthy ingredients formulated into skincare products that work quite effectively, while also having clinically-proven results of their effectiveness.
This includes kojic acid and licorice root.
Kojic Acid: Effective and Clinically Proven
Kojic acid is a chelation agent derived from Japanese mushrooms, soy, rice and certain grains and is formulated into topical skin care applications, like lotions, creams and serums. Chelating agents are ingredients that bind with metal ions or metallic compounds and prevent contamination or discoloration.
Kojic acid mildly inhibits the formation of pigment in plant and animal tissues. It has been used on cut fruit to prevent oxidative browning and on seafood to preserve its pink or red hues.
As a skin lightener kojic acid works by slowing down the production of melanin, or pigment, when it is absorbed into the skin. When the skin’s pigmentation is actively reduced, the skin becomes lighter.
Because kojic acid has antifungal and antibacterial properties, it is said to be effective in the treatment of acne by controlling acne-causing bacteria. This in turn decreases acne blemishes.
Used in China since ancient times to treat various skin conditions, licorice root, known as Glycyrrhiza Glabra, contains compounds found to be effective in lightening skin, fading blemishes, dark spots and hyperpigmentation and reversing skin damage caused by acne scars.
One of the compounds in licorice root is the isoflavane called glabridin, which inhibits pigmentation by blocking the tyrosinase enzyme that activates melanin. Melanin, or pigment, is what darkens the skin. Moreover, Glabridin also absorbs the sun’s harmful UV rays.
Licorice root also is a beneficial ingredient in skin care products because of its anti-inflammatory properties, which calm the skin and reduce redness and irritation. Licorice root contains hundreds of compounds, like coumarins, stillbenoids and flavonoids, that help regulate the immune response.
Its anti-inflammatory properties have made licorice root quite effective at treating skin disorders such as psoriasis, rosacea, dermatitis, and eczema.
After extensive studies and trials, Dr. Spicer formulated a skin lightener to fade age spots, or hyperpigmentation, that contains Glycyrrhiza Glabra as well as kojic acid.
“The most common prescriptions for age spots contain an ingredient called hydroquinone. Hydroquinone works well to lighten age spots, but rarely, can darken the skin,” Dr. Spicer says. “There are also concerns about it affecting hormonal levels.
“I prefer to use more natural ingredients where possible" Dr. Spicer says. "The combination of kojic acid and licorice root, instead of hydroquinone, works well to fade unwanted age spots without worrying about the possible adverse effects of the hydroquinone.”
Such ingredients listed above are found in Epice’s Clarifying Fade Serum.